How to use a Telescope, A Beginners Guide. Learn to Setup and Use Equatorial Mount.

Setting up Your Telescope


If you're new to telescopes, this guide is for you. In this article, we'll discuss how to set up and use an equatorial telescope. We'll also go over some basics on using a telescope for astronomy. After reading this guide, you'll be able to confidently use your telescope to see amazing things in the night sky!

What is a telescope and what are its components

A telescope is an instrument that allows distant objects to be magnified and observed. There are two main types of telescopes: reflectors and refractors. Reflector telescopes use mirrors to collect and focus light, while refractor telescopes use lenses. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.

The most important part of any telescope is the optical tube assembly, which contains the mirrors or lenses. The optics are mounted on an equatorial mount, which helps to keep the object in view as the Earth rotates. The mount is attached to a tripod, which provides stability. Most telescopes also have a finder scope, which is used to help locate objects in the sky.

 The moving parts of your Telescope

1] The azimuth axis is the horizontal one, and allows the telescope to move right or left.

2]  The RA, or Right Ascension, axis is vertical and moves the telescope up or down.

3]  The latitude axis is also vertical and helps to position the telescope at the correct angle.

4] The next ste The declination axis is horizontal and allows the telescope to move from side to side. 

All of these axes work together to allow the telescope to be pointing in the right direction so that it can get a clear view of whatever it is aimed at.

Setting Up Your Telescope The Right Way

Balancing Your Telescope

 If you want to get the most out of your telescope, it's important to make sure that it is properly balanced. Although this may seem like a daunting task, it's actually quite simple.

1] The first step is to find is to find the telescopes RA Axis balance point. This can be done by balancing the counter weight on the RA Axis. Loosen the screw for the RA axis If the scope is not stable move the counter weight either back or forth until the scope becomes stable.

2] The next step is to balance the declination axis. Move the scope so it is parallel to the ground and re-tighten the RA axis screw. Now loosen the declination screw if the scope is unstable you have to slide it back and forth in the cradle till  it becomes stable .Tighten up your declination screw. Your scope is now balanced.

Sighting  in the finding scope

The most important steps in setting up your telescope is sighting in the finder scope. This is the small scope that is mounted on the side of the telescope, and it is used to help you find objects in the night sky. The finder scope should be aligned with the main telescope so that when you look through the finder scope, you will see the same object that you are pointed at with the main telescope. The best way to do this is to set up your telescope in a place where you can see distant objects during the day. Once you have found an object, center it in the main telescope and then adjust the finder scope until it is also pointing at the object. With a little practice, you will be able to quickly locate any object in your telescope's field of view. Small adjustments might have to be done when you use the scope for the first time at night.


It is important to know how all the moving parts of your telescope work together before you get started using it. By taking the time to set it up correctly, you will be able to get the most out of your telescope and enjoy its many features. With a little practice, you will be an expert at using your telescope in no time!

Following these simple steps will ensure that your telescope is properly balanced and allow you to get the most out of your stargazing experience. Although it may seem like a complicated process, balancing your telescope is actually quite easy. By taking the time to balance your scope, you'll be able to enjoy clearer views of the night sky and make the most of your telescope.

 As you can see, sighting in your finder scope is a critical step in setting up your telescope. By taking the time to do this correctly, you will be able to easily locate any object in your telescope's field of view. With a little practice, you will be an expert at finding objects in no time!

I have included this link to a video that I found quite helpful!


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